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» Most Famous Travel Cities
» Jaipur Tourism
Sq. Area: 200.4 sq Km
Avg Rain: 31.87cms
Avg Temp: Summer 36°C to 42.2°C, Winter 5°C
Airport: Sanganer Airport Bus Stand: Jaipur Sindhi Camp
Bus Stand Train Station: Jaipur Railway station
Tel. Area Code: (91) (0141)
Languages: Rajasthani, Hindi, and English
Best Time to Go: July thru Mar
Jaipur is the capital of the colorful state of Rajasthan and
is almost 260 kilometers from New Delhi. It is very conveniently
connected by road, rail and air from the country's capital.
Popularly and aptly known as the Pink City because of its architectural
palaces and monuments in pink, Jaipur is one of the most interesting
and beautiful cities of India. It was founded in 1727 AD by
Sawai Raja Jai Singh and the color pink was used to create an
impression of the red sand stone of the Mughal cities.
Begun in 1727 and completed in just 8 years, Jaipur was the
first city in India to enjoy rigorous town planning according
to the principles laid down in "Shilpa Shastra," an
ancient Indian treatise on architecture. The city is protected
by high walls, with wide, straight avenues that divide it into
nine sectors (apparently reflecting the nine divisions of the
universe, resembling the Indian horoscope), each named after
the commodity and caste who lived and practiced their specific
skills here -- the order and space was at the time a total revolution
in Indian cities. Although these market names still provide
some clue as to what can be found in the otherwise rather uniform
rows of shops that line the streets, the overall significance
of these historic divisions is today lost to the traveler on
foot trying to negotiate the chaos of the filth-strewn streets
and pushy traders.
Jaipur is known as the Pink City, a rather idealized description
of the terra-cotta-colored lime plaster that coats the old part
of the city's walls, buildings, and temples. The reasons for
painting the town pink are unknown, but various theories have
been tossed about, from using pink to cut down glare, to Jai
Singh II's apparent devotion to Lord Shiva (whose favorite color
is reputedly terra-cotta). Others believe Singh wanted to imitate
the color of the sandstone used in the forts and palaces of
his Mughal emperor-friends. The most popular reason (spread
no doubt by "Britishers" during the Raj era) is that
pink is the traditional color of hospitality, and the city was
freshly painted and paved with pink gravel to warmly welcome
Edward VII for his visit here in 1876. In 2000 the city was
again painted for a state visit, this time by former U.S. president
Bill Clinton, and a few streets became off-limits to cars --
thankfully, this is still the case at Bapu Bazaar, which as
a consequence is the best place to browse.
Places of Interest
A magnificent structure, the palace occupies one seventh of
the walled city of Jaipur and is a wonderful blend of Rajput
and Mughal architecture. The City Palace is now converted into
a museum, except a small portion that is still used by the royal
family. Built in the fortified campus style, the palace covers
almost one-seventh part of the city. Constructions and additions
to the palace continued until twentieth century. The palace
houses an extensive collection of rare manuscripts, Mughal and
Rajasthani miniatures, Mughal carpets, costumes and textiles,
arms and weapons, objects of art and royal paraphernalia. One
of the major attractions in the museum is the portion that is
devoted to the arms and ammunition used by the royal family
in the past. Other important attractions are the Textile and
Costume Museum, Art Gallery, Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal, and
Diwan-i-Khas and Diwan-i-Am.
Standing tall over a small hillock overlooking the Pink City,
Amber is the classic romantic Rajasthan fort-palace. Amber today
is nothing but a reflection of the glorious past of the fierce
Kachwaha Dynasty that ruled over this region from 12th to 18th
century. Man Singh I started the construction of this fort in
1592 and, perhaps, it was the defence that topped his priorities
before constructing this fort. The rugged walls of this fort
may not look beautiful from outside, but the interior is a virtual
paradise and painted scenes of hunting and wars adorn the walls
along with precious stones and mirrors set into the plaster.
Half the fun at Amber Fort is the walk from the road to the
fort with majestic views of the surrounding valley. An elephant
ride up to the fort is also an unforgettable experience.
This fort was cleverly built to give its archers an advantage
over their targets. It is said that Raja Man Singh buried huge
treasures here. The fort also houses the Jai Ban - the largest
cannon in Asia, rumored to have been test fired only once. Situated
in the north of Jaipur, the Jaigarh Fort is structurally similar
to the Amber Fort. Other attractions in the Jaigarh Fort include
three water tanks, a museum, and breathtaking views of the city
Strange though it may seem, this most famous landmark of Jaipur
is not actually a palace but a series of sandstone screens.
This pink structure was constructed so that the ladies of the
palace could watch the royal processions without being seen
by any outsider. This sandstone edifice was named Palace of
Winds after the many brass wind vanes that adorned it until
This largest stone observatory in the world has a very interesting
story behind its construction. Sawai Jai Singh, the founder
of five observatories in India including this one, was a great
admirer of developments in science and technology, especially
astronomy. Before constructing this observatory, he sent his
emissaries to all corners to the world, who returned with many
manuals of cutting-edge technology including a copy of La Hire's
Tables. He built the structures following every detail given
in the manual, but at the end, he found to his astonishment
that the observatory was 20 seconds more accurate than that
given by La Hire. Situated near the gate of the City Palace,
the observatory has 18 large instruments, many of them still
in working condition.
Nahargarh meaning abode of the tigers was built by Jai Singh
to bolster the defense of Amer. Originally called Sudarshan
Garh, Nahargarh offers a breathtaking view.
Erected in the middle of Ram Niwas Garden, Albert Hall was built
in 1876 to mark the visit of Prince of Wales. It was designed
by Sir Swinton Jacob and opened in 1887 as a public museum.
It contains a fine collection of sculptures, paintings, decorative
art objects, natural history specimens, an Egyptian mummy and
a celebrated Persian Garden Carpet.
Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh
The terraced Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh (the Garden of Sisodia Queen)
is situated on the Jaipur-Agra road at a distance of 6 km. The
garden was created by the queen of Jai Singh II as an escape
from the court intrigues. The landscaped gardens and murals
of the life of Lord Krishna, decorating its interiors, are breathtakingly
When it comes to shopping in Jaipur, it is a paradise. This
is one of the few places where the shoppers may actually watch
the skilled artisans producing the articles they want to buy.
Fairs & Festivals of Jaipur
Gangaur Festival is usually celebrated in March or April, a
fortnight after Holi. It is the most colorful and important
festival of Rajasthan. The womenfolk worship Goddess Gauri,
the consort of Lord Shiva for marital bliss, long lives of their
husbands and conjugal happiness. During this eighteen-day long
festival, the girls and married women dress up in their traditional
ghaghras and cholis. The idols and images of the Goddess are
ornamented in beautiful dresses and exotic jewellery and women
make offerings to her for her blessings with great devotion.
The period is considered auspicious for marriages. In Jaipur,
colorful and huge procession highlighting richly bedecked horses
and elephants, music and palanquins are taken out through out
the city during the festival in which the main deity of the
festival, Gangaur, is taken from the Palace Gate known as Tripolia
across the city, passing through Chaugan, to Talkatora, which
attracts the tourists.
Celebrated in March, this annual festival of Jaipur is unique
in its concept. A number of beautifully bejeweled and bedecked
elephants march gloriously in a grand procession that savors
of royal tastes and participate in several competitions and
events at the time of Holi. The giant pets run races and play
polo at Chaugan in Jaipur, the venue of the Elephant Festival,
with their long trunks during the festival. There are dancers,
musicians and a large number of onlookers who come there to
witness this majestic event. The painted elephants covered with
richly embroidered velvets look grand and cute at the same time.
The procession is accompanies by booming sound of trumpets and
besides the elephants, there are lancers on horses, chariots,
camels, cannons and palanquins lending their own grandeur to
it. There are beauty pageants for the elephants in which mostly
female elephants participate and are groomed industriously by
their 'mahouts' (elephant keepers) for that very purpose.
Makar Sahnkranti celebrated on 14th January every year is a
day of kite flying at Jaipur. People fly kites with riotous
celebration.Every kite cut loose is an even accompanied by shouts
of 'Woh Kata!' and sky seems nothing more than a big collage
of colorful kites in all shapes and designs. In Jaipur, the
Desert Kite Festival is held in every five years where expert
kite makers flaunt their kites, which are sometimes huge in
sizes and often carry social messages or even caricatures of
famous personalities. Open to all, tourists can also participate
in various kite-flying competitions.
Celebrated usually during the first week of August, Teej festival
is marked by rituals and fasts that accompany the monsoon clouds.
The newly washed fields look fresh and beautiful and peacocks
can often be spotted dancing during the season, as women sing
Teej songs and enjoy rope swings in their gardens. Teej marks
the beginning of the series of festivals and fairs that ends
only with the Spring festival of Gangaur. Especially in Jaipur,
Teej is celebrated with a special fervor and showers of rain
on this day pep up the joyous celebrations by several degrees.
It is considered a day for lovers and would-be life partners
and young boys and girls come to the city from nearby villages,
singing and dancing on bullock and camel carts and open tractor-trailers.
The procession on Teej is the highlight of the festival.
How To Reach Jaipur
Airport nearest to Jaipur is Sanganer Airport, which is hardly
10 km from the city. Domestic flights connect Delhi, Kolkata,
Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Jodhpur and Udaipur to Jaipur. However, there
is only one international flight to Dubai
Jaipur is well connected by trains to all the major cities of
India such as Delhi, Agra, Mumbai, Chennai, Bikaner, Jodhpur,
Udaipur, and Ahmedabad.
A network of good motor able roads and private and government
buses connect Jaipur to all the nearby major cities such as
Delhi and Agra.
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